MReport April 2020

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M REPORT | 51 O R I G I NAT I O N S E R V I C I N G DATA G O V E R N M E N T S E C O N DA R Y M A R K E T THE LATEST DATA The Growing Divide Between African-American, White Homeownership Gap in housing rose to more than 30%. A report from the Urban Institute delved into the data between the nation's demographics in the realm of homeownership. Specifically, the report focuses on the divide between African American and white homeowners in the United States. The report begins by pointing to the Great Recession era, then describes the ever-increasing gap that has, on average, developed between African American and white homeownership since that time, to what is now at its 50-year apex. The exact data reveals the gap between the two categories widening overall from 28.1% in 2010 to 30.1% in 2017. This increase did not occur in similar fashions and percentage points across the board regarding different states and regions. When 105 of the nation's metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) that had more than 40,000 black residents living within them were broken down and analyzed individually, the area surrounding Minneapolis posted an African American- white homeownership gap of 51%, while on the other hand, the area surrounding Charleston, South Carolina, narrowed the gap to just 15%. The blog then explores the determining factors that caused this gap across the MSAs, which explored top criteria such as sex, employment, and age, along with the area's housing supply, housing affordability, and racial segrega- tion. Income, marital rate, and credit scores were also pinpointed as the three main facets that were indicative of why the gap in proportions was so great. Beyond that analysis, 17% of the home- ownership gap across these MSAs remains a conundrum to the experts, unable to be explained by any tangible data or clear cut variables. Further breaking down this analysis brings even more enlight- enment about this divide, with the data showing a 31% of the gap attributed to income differences between African American and white households. Specifically, the average income for a black household is currently $38,183, a number markedly less than the current white household's average income of $61,363. Differences in marital status allotted for 27% of the gap, with African American households being far less likely to marry than white counterparts. Regarding credit score differ- ences, 22% of the gap was given to this category as data revealed half of the white households have a FICO credit score above 700, rivaling African American house- holds' 21%. The blog then calls for poli- cymakers to strive for solutions while offering practical guidance and advice, as well as pointing out what is currently being done in federal, state, and local levels to address this issue. On the heels of this report, the National Association of Realtors revealed that minority homeown- ership rates continue to trail the national average. Even though the nation has experienced a home- ownership rate boom overall, with the United States' homeown- ership rate rising from roughly 62% to 65%. When broken down by demographics, the statistics for homeownership in the minor- ity communities show a glaring gap. These two studies point to a pressing need to narrow this divide, as well as dive deeper into what is causing them, as well as providing several possible remedies. Jones Indices. "This marks eight consecutive years of increasing housing prices (an increase which is echoed in our 10- and 20-City Composites)."

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