MReport November 2020

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M REPORT | 53 O R I G I NAT I O N S E R V I C I N G DATA G O V E R N M E N T S E C O N DA R Y M A R K E T THE LATEST DATA The 'V-Shaped' Recovery's Impact on Minority Households Research shows that higher-income households have "essentially fully recovered," but lower-income families "continue to suffer." E ven after many months of housing-related policy intervention, including eviction and foreclosure bans at both state and federal levels, people and neighbor- hoods of color continue to suffer disproportionately from COVID-19 fallout. A report from Urban Institute research associate Steve Brown delves into more detail. Brown refers to a Wall Street Journal article that reveals the nation's recovery is not "V-Shaped," as we keep hearing, but rather "K-Shaped." This means that affluent households have fully recovered, while lower-income (and often ethnically diverse) groups continue struggling. The Washington Post calls the COVID-19 recession "the most unequal in American history," he added. In July, the Urban Institute initiated its tool to track COVID-19's effects by race and ethnicity, based on disaggregated Census data. This week, said Brown, the Institute added a new tool, Phase Two. The Institute's conclusion after mining the data was that, eight months into the U.S.'s COVID-19 crisis, the economy has begun to recover, and some people have returned to work. "But that recovery has not been felt equally; communities of color— Black and Latinx communities especially—continue to bear the brunt of the pandemic's effects. With new COVID-19 cases rising nationwide, the halting progress of economic recovery could recede as Americans' health remains in jeopardy." Brown determined that the following indicators most reveal the stark contrasts in COVID-19- related hardships: "More than one-quarter of adults live in households that drew down their savings or sold possessions to meet spending needs within the past week … Latinx adults were more likely than any other group to live in households that used savings or sold items to pay for spending needs in the previous week." "Nearly 15% of adults live in households in which someone used unemployment benefits to meet spending needs within the previous week … Consistent with their higher unemployment rate, people of color are significantly more likely than average to live in households with some unemployment insurance use." "In mid-August, 15% of households were still behind on rent, with a higher share among Black and Latinx households." "More than a quarter of adults expect an income loss in their household in the next four weeks … Despite a declining unemploy- ment rate over the past months, in August, more than 26% of adults still expected to lose em- ployment income in the following four weeks. And the share of expected losses is higher among communities of color, ranging from 31% among Asian households to 38% among Latinx households." What can be done to combat the disparity and help improve the lives of all American households? The Urban Institute contends that policy could help alleviate some problems. Brown cites stimulus packages that Congress is considering, though he concedes a stimulus bill is not likely to pass prior to the election. "After the election, policymakers should work quickly to provide additional relief to prevent the damage of the past few months from solidifying into a more permanent social and economic devastation," Brown wrote, "and they should do more to explicitly address the challenges facing people of color."

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