MReport April 2019

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56 | TH E M R EP O RT O R I G I NAT I O N S E R V I C I N G DATA G O V E R N M E N T S E C O N DA R Y M A R K E T THE LATEST GOVERNMENT Crapo: "Fix Our Flawed Housing Finance System" The Senate Banking Committee Chairman has once again put a focus on housing finance reform. A fter making hous- ing finance reforms a key focus area for the Senate Banking Com- mittee, its Chairman Sen. Mike Crapo, introduced an outline for housing finance reform legislation. The outline, according to a statement by Crapo, incorporates elements of the various "plans and principles for housing finance reform that have been previously discussed by legislators, analysts, stakeholders, and thought lead- ers." It highlights five points that would help create a more sustain- able housing finance system, which includes: » Private companies as guaran- tors for the timely repayment of principal and interest to investors of eligible mortgages that are securitized through a platform operated by Ginnie Mae. » Changing the Federal Housing Finance Agency's (FHFA's) structure to run it as a bipartisan board of directors instead of a single Director to charter, regu- late, and supervise the guarantors. » Utilizing Ginnie Mae to guaran- tee timely repayment of principal and interest on securities that receive credit enhancement from guarantors that are approved and regulated by the FHFA. » Putting a cap on the percentage of all outstanding guaranteed eli- gible mortgages that a guarantor is permitted within a stipulated timeline as well as ensuring a timeline within which all guar- antors are required to be fully capitalized after the enactment of the legislation. » Replacing the current affordable housing goals and duty-to-serve requirements with a new Market Access Fund which will provide grants, loans, and credit enhance- ments to address the homeown- ership and rental housing needs of the underserved and low- income communities. "We must expeditiously fix our flawed housing finance system," Crapo said. "My priorities are to establish stronger levels of tax- payer protection, preserve the 30- year fixed rate mortgage, increase competition among mortgage guarantors, and promote access to affordable housing. I invite my Senate and House colleagues, the Administration and all interested stakeholders to work together to enact this critically needed reform." Additionally, he said that this proposal would create a more sustainable housing finance sys- tem that would not only reduce the too-big-to-fail risk posed by the current duopoly of mortgage guarantors but would also signifi- cantly increase the role of private risk-bearing capital while preserv- ing the existing infrastructure in the housing finance system that works well. According to Crapo, this plan would also ensure the establishment of "several new protection between mortgage credit risk and taxpayers" as well as a "level playing field for origi- nators of all sizes and types." "Protecting American taxpay- ers by ensuring the safety and stability of the United States housing finance system is a prior- ity for the Treasury Department," said Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, in response to the outline released by Crapo. "The outline for housing reform legisla- tion released by Chairman Crapo is a productive first step toward that goal, and I applaud him for his efforts." Supporting this outline, Michael Bright, President and CEO of the Structured Finance Industry Group and former Acting President at Ginnie Mae said that while the current structure of conservatorship had helped America transition from the crisis to economic growth, "A future state for housing finance should have clearly defined roles for who is taking on risk, private capital, or the government. It must also ensure that our housing market works for all Americans." Eric Kaplan, Director of the Milken Institute of Housing Finance Program also applauded the outline saying, "Upon initial review, this outline has the potential to achieve many of the housing finance reform principles and objectives we support." Additionally, Kaplan said that the outline was important in that it built up last year's active legislative debate and "reflects the importance of maintaining serious housing finance reform momentum." This legislation outline comes close on the heels of the White House's announcement that it would announce a framework for "the development of a policy for comprehensive housing finance reform shortly," and that it had not yet made a decision on any housing finance reform plan. The announcement was made within weeks of FHFA Acting Director, Joseph Otting's remarks to staff- ers that the agency would be announcing plans to remove the GSEs from conservatorship soon.

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